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From today’s institutional Rome to the Papal Rome of Castel S.Angelo and S.Pietro.
We begin this tour from Piazza Venezia. Situated here is the Victorian monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of Italy also known as Altare della Patria. If you want to enjoy one of the most beautiful landscapes in the Eternal City climb the 193 steps that lead to the terrace café, the highest point of the monument. Rome will be literally at your feet. Alternatively, there are two panoramic elevators that lead to the terrace. Thanks to the elevators the terrace is now accessible to those with disabilities.
Following Via San Pietro in Carcere by walking in the street it is possible to enjoy the area of the Forum Imperiali from a height. We then climb to Piazza del Campidoglio, the smallest of the seven hills of Rome, decorated with the famous twelve point star of Michelangelo at the center of which you can see the large statue of a horse, which is a perfect copy of the monument of Emperor Marco Aurelio. Once you go down from Campidoglio ahead we go to Piazza del’Ara Coeli and then after you leave Via del Gesù we find ourselves in Piazza della Minerva and then we continue our walk until Piazza della Rotonda where we can see the imposing presence of the Pantheon.
Constructed from 25 to 27 CE at the wish of Agrippa, it was initially a pagan temple dedicated to all the gods. It became a Christian basilica in 608 at the wish of Pope Bonifacio IV. It is considered by many to be a masterpiece of world architecture for its shapes and its eco-friendly building technique, especially the dome. It is the second biggest dome in Europe, second only to the dome of Brunelleschi in the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore in Florence. It is a hemispherical concrete structure, with a height equal to the diameter (43,3 m), with a 9 meter wide circular opening at the center called oculus, the only window in the entire building. Not many people know that the Roman concrete used to have some characteristics that had less of an impact on the environment than the one we use today: it was composed of volcanic ash and lime elements that would reduce emissions of carbon dioxide.
Now we leave Piazza della Rotonda in the direction of Piazza di Pietra and we arrive then in Piazza di Montecitorio. Then we cross Campo Marzio, Via delle Coppelle a we find ourselves soon in front of the very crowded and famous Piazza Navona. Here, between alleys and smalls streets there will be a lot of restaurants, pizzerias and handmade gelaterias, and places where you can take a nice break followed by a coffee and more in Piazza Sant’Eustachio. Then we move again in the direction of Via di Sant’Agnese in Agone and Via di Tor Millina to reach the characteristic Caffe della Pace and from there you can see the Chiostro del Bramante