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From the history of ancient Rome to the events of the Ghetto of Rome, finishing with one of the most typical neighborhoods of the city.
Cominciamo questo itinerario nel cuore di Roma. Lasciandoci il Colosseo alle nostre spalle ci dirigiamo verso l’Arco di Costantino, il più famoso arco di trionfo romano. L’Arco è stato commissionato dal Senato romano nel 312 d.C. per celebrare l’imperatore Costantino e la sua vittoria contro Massenzio nella storica battaglia di Ponte Milvio. Caratteristica di questo monumento è l’utilizzo, per la sua realizzazione, dei cosiddetti “spolia”, ovvero di resti di monumenti antecedenti Costantino (risalenti ad esempio ai tempi dell’imperatore Adriano, Traiano e Marco Aurelio). L’utilizzo di materiali e di forme eterogenee, tipico dell’architettura romana, dava un colpo d’occhio particolare al monumento nella sua complessità oltre che ha rispondere ad una necessità pratica: riutilizzare i materiali a causa della carenza di marmi. Si risparmia quindi sull’utilizzo dei materiali e si fa riciclo.
Let’s begin this tour in the heart of Rome. Leaving The Colosseum we head towards The Arch of Costantino, the most famous Roman triumphal arch. The arch had been commissioned by the Roman Senate in 312 A.D. to celebrate Emperor Constantine and his victory against Massenzio in the historical battle of Ponte Milvio. Peculiar of this monument is the use of the so-called “spolia”: remains of monuments prior to the Constantine time (coming for example from the time of Emperors Adriano, Traiano and Marco Aurelio)
The use of miscellaneous shapes and materials, typical of the Roman architecture gives a particular look to the monument and its complexity and also responds to the necessity to recycle materials due to the lack of marble. They save material and also recycle it. Let’s continue our walk through via San Gregorio towards Circo Massimo. Circo Massimo was used for sports competitions and chariot races.
For those who want to enjoy a light meal there is a covered market where you can find agricultural products directly grown by the very same vendors who have a stall in the market. This products come directly from the Roman countryside, so they are very genuine. You can buy fruit, vegetables, cheese, bread and bakery products, cereals, farinas and pasta, legumes, oil, fresh meat, cold cuts, honey, preserves and raw milk on tap.
Let’s walk along via dei Cerchi, towards Teatro Marcello crossing Foro Boario, Il Tempio di Vesta, Bocca della Verità and the municipal offices and the Office of Vital Statistics. Once inside the ruins of Teatro Marcello we will continue to the Ghetto of Rome.
The city hosts the most ancient Jewish community in the world and its presence has been subject to various events. In 1555 The Pope Paolo IV decided to close in the whole community into a restricted area, which is the ghetto. Walking through the characteristic medieval and Renaissance alleys of the Ghetto from Portico d’Ottavia to Piazza delle Cinque Scole, we can visit the Jewish Museum and the huge synagogue. Finally, here you can find venues where you can eat typical dishes of the Jewish-Roman cuisine.
Crossing Isola Tiberina, which is accessible to those with disabilities for some years thanks to the construction of an elevator, you will reach one of the most ancient and historical neighborhoods of Rome: Trastevere. You’ll enter the medieval part of Rome characterized by little alleys, small squares, typical buildings adorned by climbers. We will go through Piazza Trilussa and reach Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere by crossing the small characteristic alleys.
Going ahead we’ll reach Piazza Belli to finally reach Basilica di Santa Cecilia in Trastevere. Through the small alleys of the neighborhood you can find the characteristic stalls of local craftsmen. A stop at Orto Botanico is a must. It is a 12 hectares park where you can see rare plants which have exceptional value. Orto Botanico is also accessible to those with disabilities through specific paths which were made for their needs. A ‘Giardino degli Aromi’ has also been created: it is an area for the blind, organized with a series of tanks which contain species that can be recognized through touch and sense of smell, equipped with braille tags.