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Rome’s fountains explain how the Romans always had a specific passion for public waters ever since the aqueducts
Water and monumental fountains are part of the artistic and cultural heritage of the city. The English poet Shelley once stated: “Fountains are enough to justify a trip to Rome”
Also considering the 2600 ‘Nasoni’, cast iron little fountains present all around Rome, it’s easy to understand why water is a fundamental element of this city since the ancient Romans who knew how to take advantage of it through the important engineering works called aqueducts.
Because of this bond that has always linked this precious resource to the Eternal City, Romans have always tried to respect and protect water. That’s why many of the most important monumental fountains including Fontana di Trevi, La fontana dei Quattro fiumi, la fontana del Tritone, la fontana delle Naiadi e dell’Acqua Paola have a water recirculation system to limit the waste of this important resource.
Our walk starts from Fontana delle Naiadi situaded in Piazza della Repubblica which was inaugurated in1914.
Continuing on to via Vittorio Emanuele Orlando you will see Fontana del Mose in San Bernardo square, which was made between 1585 and 1589 as the final showcase of the Felice Aqueduct, wanted by Pope Sisto V (1585-1590), whose real name was Felice Peretti , from whom the aqueduct got its name from.
Walking down via Barberini we reach the square of the same name in the center of which is located the unique signature of Gian Lorenzo Bernini Fontana del Tritone built between the end of 1642 and the first half of 1643. During its last refurbishment, the fountain has been equipped with a LED lighting system that provides a great energy savings.
From here, we walk to via Sistina to reach Trinità dei Monti at the foot of the staircase you can admire La Barcaccia, a fountain by Pietro Bernini. Its shape recalls the shape of a boat which was probably found after a flood of the Tiber River.
While going back to via del Tritone, a stop at Fontana di Trevi , the final showcase of Vergine Aqueduct, is a must. Vergine is the only ancient aqueduct that has continuously been working until today.
Let’s start again our tour towards Piazza Navona to admire Fontana dei 4 fiumi by Bernini. Which got its name from the four then known continents that it represented through their most important rivers: Danube, Ganges, Rio de la Plata and Nile. , which is shaded because back in the day, they didn’t know the source’s origin.
Now let’s cross the Tiber river and go up the hill Gianicolo until we get to Fontana dell’Acqua Paola also known as Il Fontanone del Gianicolo. The particularity of this fountain is that it has been made with recycling materials that is marbles from artworks of the past.